Professor Robert J. Martineau, Sr. is considered by many as one of the foremost scholars in the country in appellate practice and reform. Said former law school dean Tom Gerety when nominating him for the Distinguished Research Professor designation, “He brought new thinking to an old discipline. He has changed the landscape of inquiry, the pattern of practice and the nature of teaching in his field.”
While at the College of Law, Martineau taught, among other things, two highly-regarded appellate litigation courses—Appellate Practice and Procedure and Appellate Brief Writing and Oral Argument. In addition, he published the field's first book on appellate practice and procedure for use in law schools.
As a result of his study on the English appellate process, the English Court of Appeal reviewed and restructured its appellate process. He also published a book on this subject, comparing the appellate systems in the United States and England. It was appropriately titled Appellate Justice in England and the United States.
A former acting dean and associate dean at the College of Law, Professor Martineau also served as supervisor of the legal research and writing program, the admissions and financial aid office, the registrar, and the career placement office. Prior to joining the law school he worked as the assistant attorney general of Maryland, secretary of the 1967-1968 Maryland Constitutional Convention, circuit executive of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, and executive officer of the Wisconsin Supreme Court.
An active member of the bar, he served his profession as vice president of the Maryland State Bar Association and participated in the state bar associations in Iowa, Wisconsin, and Ohio, also. An elected member of the American Bar Association, he served as one of two academic members of the Ohio Supreme Court's Committee on Rules in 1989.